Author(s): Vailas AC, Tipton CM, Laughlin HL, Tcheng TK, Matthes RD
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Abstract Traditionally, ligaments and tendons (L and T) have been regarded as metabolically inert structures. However, sufficient biochemical evidence on the metabolism of collagen has indicated that such a concept is no longer tenable. To determine whether L and T respond to increased or decreased levels of chronic exercise, studies were undertaken to measure their aerobic capacities. For comparative purposes, similar measurements were obtained from liver and skeletal muscles secured from normal and hypophysectomized male rats. Oxygen consumption and cytochrome oxidase (CO) activity was recorded from cell suspensions that had been prepared with the inclusion of collagenase and with elastase added to the medium. The O2 results showed that L and T had values that were approximately 10 times lower than liver tissue and 7.5 times less than the means from skeletal muscles. Hypophysectomy caused marked reductions in O2 uptake of liver and muscle tissues; but had no impact on L and T. When CO activity of these connective tissues were evaluated, immobilization and hypophysectomy caused significant reductions that ranged from -36\% to -59\% respectively. Training, on the other hand, resulted in increases of less than 10\% in the activity of this enzyme within L and T while being elevated in muscle tissue by 58\%. It was concluded that the metabolic activity of L and T was lowered with decreased levels of physical activity but it was unclear why chronic exercise did not produce the opposite effect.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Trauma & Treatment