alexa Physical activity implementation in schools: a 4-year follow-up.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Advances in Recycling & Waste Management

Author(s): Msse LC, McKay H, Valente M, Brant R, Naylor PJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Action Schools! BC (AS!BC) is a comprehensive school-based model that utilizes a socioecologic approach to provide children with opportunities for physical activity at school in British Columbia. PURPOSE: The hierarchy of factors associated with successful implementation of AS!BC was examined 4 years after it was scaled up. METHODS: A cross-sectional multistage survey was administered to principals (n=133; 92\% response rate) and Grade 4-7 teachers (n=587; 71\% response rate) in 2008-2009. Constructs from the theories of organizational change, social cognitive theory and Rogers's diffusion of innovation model were used to examine characteristics of teachers and schools and attributes of the innovation associated with implementation. Multilevel mixed-effect logistic regression analyses were employed (analyzed in November 2011). RESULTS: Self-efficacy, outcome expectation, training received, organizational climate/support, level of institutionalization, environmental influence, and attributes of the innovation were associated with implementation. In multivariate analyses, self-efficacy, training, and level of institutionalization remained significant (all p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Demonstrating that an intervention "works" is only the first step toward promoting enhanced health at the population level. For wide-scale implementation, teacher-level self-efficacy and ongoing technical support to train teachers were important. At the school level, policies and guidelines provided a necessary, supportive environment for implementation. Copyright © 2012 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Am J Prev Med and referenced in Advances in Recycling & Waste Management

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version