alexa Physical activity in the prevention of cardiovascular disease: an epidemiological perspective
Healthcare

Healthcare

Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs

Author(s): S Goya Wannamethee, A Gerald Shaper

Abstract Share this page

This review of the epidemiological evidence regarding physical activity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) provides substantial evidence from many different populations that leisure time physical activity is associated with reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular mortality in both men and women and in middle-aged and older individuals. Physical activity appears to be a critical factor in both primary and secondary prevention of CHD. The studies indicate a dose-response relationship between overall physical activity and CVD, which is linear at least up to a certain level of activity. Prospective studies suggest that physical activity is also associated with reduced risk of stroke. The mechanisms underlying the protective effect of physical activity on CVD are still unclear. In recent years, the view that physical activity has to be vigorous to achieve a reduction in risk of CHD has been questioned. Overall, the evidence points to the benefit of continued regular moderate physical activity which does not need to be strenuous or prolonged and includes daily leisure activities such as walking or gardening which are readily attainable by large sections of the population. Taking up regular light or moderate physical activity in middle or older age confers significant benefit for CVD and all-cause mortality.

This article was published in Sports Medicine and referenced in Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords