alexa Physical characterization and macrophage cell uptake of mannan-coated nanoparticles.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Cui Z, Hsu CH, Mumper RJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Previously, we reported on a cationic nanoparticle-based DNA vaccine delivery system engineered from warm oil-in-water microemulsion precursors. In these present studies, the feasibility of lyophilizing the nanoparticles and their thermal properties were investigated. Also, the binding and uptake of the nanoparticles by a macrophage cell line were studied. The nanoparticles (prior to pDNA coating) were freeze-dried with lactose or sucrose as cryoprotectants. The stability of lyophilized nanoparticles at room temperature was monitored and compared to that of the aqueous nanoparticle suspension. The thermal properties of the nanoparticles were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The nanoparticles, coated or uncoated with mannan as a ligand, were incubated with a mannose receptor positive (MR+) mouse macrophage cell line (J774E), at either 4 degrees C or 37 degrees C to study the binding and uptake of the nanoparticles by the cells. It was found that lactose or sucrose (1-5\%, w/v) was required for successful lyophilization of the nanoparticles. After 4 months of storage, the size of lyophilized nanoparticles did not significantly increase while those in aqueous suspension grew by over 900\%. Unlike its individual components, emulsifying wax (m.p., approximately 55 degrees C) and hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide, the nanoparticles showed a melting point of approximately 90 degrees C. Moreover, the DSC profile of the nanoparticles was different from that of the physical mixture of emulsifying wax and CTAB. After 1 hour incubation at 37 degrees C, the uptake of mannan-coated nanoparticles was 50\% higher than that of the uncoated nanoparticles. At 4 degrees C and after one hour, the binding of the mannan-coated nanoparticles by J774E was over 2-fold higher than that of the uncoated nanoparticles. This increase in J774E binding could be abolished by preincubating the cells with free mannan, suggesting that the binding and uptake were receptor-mediated. In conclusion, the nanoparticles were lyophilizable, and lyophilization was shown to enhance the stability of the nanoparticles. DSC provided evidence that the nanoparticles were not a physical mixture of their individual components. Finally, cell binding and uptake studies demonstrated that the nanoparticles have potential application for cell-specific targeting. This article was published in Drug Dev Ind Pharm and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version