Author(s): Pua YH, Clark RA, Bryant AL
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in a community hip osteoarthritis sample, the cross-sectional associations of isometric strength and steadiness of the knee extensors and their interaction with physical performance measures of physical function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Human movement laboratory of a university. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven adults (27 men and 40 women; age, 61+/-10 y) with radiographically confirmed symptomatic hip osteoarthritis. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants performed isometric knee extensor steadiness and strength testing on a dynamometer. Physical function was assessed by using the habitual timed walk test and the self- and fast-paced stair-climbing tests. RESULTS: In the hierarchical regression models, although there were clear main effects of knee extensor steadiness on fast-paced stair performance, greater knee steadiness predictively associated with faster stair-climbing performance particularly in individuals with high knee extensor strength. In contrast, knee extensor steadiness was not related to gait speed regardless of knee extensor strength levels. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with hip OA, knee extensor steadiness was positively associated with stair-climbing performance, particularly in those with high levels of knee extensor strength. These findings are of importance in developing intervention strategies, but they call for further study. Copyright 2010 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Arch Phys Med Rehabil
and referenced in Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy