Author(s): Gosselink R
INTRODUCTION: Physical therapy is involved in the non-medical treatment of patients with acute and chronic respiratory diseases, including obstructive and restrictive pulmonary diseases, patients with neuromuscular disorders, patients admitted for major surgery and patients with critical illness in intensive care. Physical therapy contributes towards assessing and treating various aspects of respiratory disorders such as airflow obstruction, mucus retention, alterations in ventilatory pump function, dyspnea, impaired exercise performance and quality of life.
CONCLUSION: Exercise training, peripheral and respiratory muscle training, airway clearance techniques and lung expansion in spontaneous breathing patients (lung expansion maneuvers, huffing and assisted coughing) and in mechanically ventilated patients (bagsqueezing), and breathing retraining (pursed lips breathing, active expiration) have been shown effective in selected patients with disorders affecting the respiratory system. Assessment of patients is critical to identify patient characteristics that allow appropriate selection of treatment modalities providing optimal effectiveness and efficacy.International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation