Author(s): Kamenov Z, Higashino H, Todorova M, Kajimoto N, Suzuki A
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Abstract Diabetic neuropathy is a very common complication of diabetes mellitus, and animal studies have contributed tremendously to its understanding. The aim of this study was to estimate the neuropathic alterations in the Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rats, an animal model of human type 2 diabetes mellitus. For this purpose, four groups of animals were used: untreated OLETF rats, sucrose-fed for 2 months OLETF rats, untreated Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) nondiabetic rats as genetic controls of OLETF, and sucrose-fed LETO rats. All were examined at baseline, at the end of the sucrose treatment, and during a washout period. The following parameters were evaluated: motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV), sensitivity to noxious thermal and mechanical stimuli using the tail-flick (TF) and tail-pressure (TP) tests, and blood glucose (BG) and HbA1c levels. Our results showed that BG and HbA1c were significantly higher in OLETF rats when compared with those in control LETO rats. Sucrose caused remarkable increase of BG and HbA1c in the OLETF rats, but not in the sucrose-fed LETO rats. MNCV and thermal nociception significantly decreased in OLETF rats in their 10th month, while the values of the TP test did not differ compared with those from LETO rats. Sucrose administration significantly decreased the MNCV, and increased the pain threshold evaluated by the TF and TP tests, compared with those in the control OLETF rats. The studied parameters were not significantly altered in sucrose-fed LETO rats. In conclusion, our findings show that signs of diabetic neuropathy appear late in the individual development of the OLETF rats, and MNCV and thermal nociception are selectively affected in this strain. Sucrose deteriorated the diabetic state, decreased MNCV, and caused thermal and mechanical hypoalgesia. 2006 Prous Science.
This article was published in Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism