alexa Physiological factors associated with falls in older community-dwelling women.
Medicine

Medicine

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

Author(s): Lord SR, Ward JA, Williams P, Anstey KJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of impaired vision, peripheral sensation, lower limb muscle strength, reaction time, and balance in a large community-dwelling population of women aged 65 years and over, and to determine whether impaired performances in these tests are associated with falls. DESIGN: One-year prospective study. SETTING: Conducted as part of the Randwick Falls and Fractures Study, in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Four hundred fourteen women aged 65 to 99 years (mean age 73.7 years, SD = 6.3) were randomly selected from the community; 341 of these women were included in the 1-year prospective study. MAIN RESULTS: The prevalence of impairment in all tests increased with age. In the year following assessment, 207 subjects (60.7\%) experienced no falls, 63 subjects (18.5\%) fell one time only, and 71 subjects (20.8\%) fell on two or more occasions. After controlling for age, multiple falling was associated with low contrast visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, poor vibration sense and proprioception, reduced lower limb strength, slow reaction time, and impaired balance, as indicated by four sway tests and two clinical stability measures. Discriminant function analysis identified visual contrast sensitivity, proprioception in the lower limbs, quadriceps strength, reaction time, and sway on a compliant (foam rubber) surface with the eyes open as the variables that significantly discriminated between subjects who experienced multiple falls and subjects who experienced no falls or one fall only (Wilks' lambda = 0.73 (P < 0.001), canonical correlation = 0.52). This procedure correctly classified 75\% of subjects into multiple faller or nonmultiple faller groups. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support previous results conducted in retirement village and institutional setting and indicate that the test procedure aids in the identification of older community-dwelling women at risk of falls.
This article was published in J Am Geriatr Soc and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version