alexa Physiological functions and clinical implications of sphingolipids in the gut.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Duan RD

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Abstract Studies of sphingolipids have become one of the most rapidly advancing fields in the last two decades. These highly diverse lipids have been known to have multiple physiological functions and clinical implications in several diseases, including tumorigenesis, inflammation, atherosclerosis and neural degenerative diseases. Unlike other organs, sphingolipids in the intestinal tract are present not only as lipid constituents in the cells but also as dietary compositions for digestion in the lumen. The present review focuses on the presence of sphingolipids and their catalytic enzymes in the gut; the metabolism and the signaling effects of the metabolites and their impacts on barrier functions, cholesterol absorption, inflammatory diseases and tumor development in the gut. © 2011 The Author. Journal of Digestive Diseases © 2011 Chinese Medical Association Shanghai Branch, Chinese Society of Gastroenterology, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. This article was published in J Dig Dis and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

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