Author(s): Intra J, Kuo SM
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Abstract Oxidative stress has been linked to the development of various chronic diseases. Vegetables and fruits, which contain polyphenols, were shown to have protective effects. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a polyphenol abundant in tea, has been shown to have antioxidant activities in cell-free conditions and this study focused on the effect of cellular EGCG. Using an intestinal cell model to examine the oxidative stress induced by hydroxyl radicals, we report here that physiological concentrations (0.1-1 microM) of EGCG have dose- and incubation duration-dependent cell-associated lipid antioxidant activity (measuring malondialdehyde production). Vitamin E and vitamin C at 10-40 microM also showed cell-associated lipid antioxidant activities under shorter incubation durations. When EGCG was included in the incubation with vitamin E or C, more antioxidant activities were consistently observed than when vitamins were added alone. Catechin (widely present in fruits and vegetables) at 1 microM also significantly increased the antioxidant activity of vitamins E and C. Previous studies examining cell-associated activity of EGCG mainly focused on the 10-100 microM concentration range. Our results suggest that although the physiological level (0.1-1 microM) of dietary catechins is much lower than that of vitamins, they further contribute to the total antioxidant capacity even in the presence of vitamins.
This article was published in Chem Biol Interact
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences