Author(s): Gerull R, Cignacco E, Stoffel L, Sellam G, Nelle M
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Abstract AIM: To compare the influence of three different nonpharmacological interventions on cortical activation, heart rate and peripheral oxygen saturation (SaO2 ) after heelstick in preterm infants. METHODS: Twenty five preterm infants between 24 0/7 and 32 0/7 weeks of gestational age were randomized to either oral sucrose (S), facilitated tucking (FT) or a combination of the two interventions (SFT) prior to five heelsticks each within the first 14 days of life. SaO2 , heart rate and oxygenation of the somatosensory cortex, measured by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), were analysed. RESULTS: Hundred and twenty five heelsticks were performed. The heart rate increased significantly after heelstick in all three intervention groups (p < 0.004 in all groups). The increase was higher in the FT group compared with the other groups (S: p = 0.007; SFT: p = 0.004). There was no difference among the two groups receiving sucrose (S and SFT; p = 0.87). SaO2 did not change significantly after heelstick in all intervention groups. Near infrared spectroscopy measurements did not show a significant change in the curve but patients in the FT group showed a trend towards higher average oxygenation of the contralateral somatosensory cortex. CONCLUSION: Oral sucrose seems to be more effective in reducing reaction to pain than FT. Application of both interventions did not show an additive effect. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00758511. ©2013 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This article was published in Acta Paediatr
and referenced in Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health