alexa Physiological uncoupling of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Studies in different yeast species.


Bioenergetics: Open Access

Author(s): GuerreroCastillo S, AraizaOlivera D, CabreraOrefice A, EspinasaJaramillo J, GutirrezAguilar M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Under non-phosphorylating conditions a high proton transmembrane gradient inhibits the rate of oxygen consumption mediated by the mitochondrial respiratory chain (state IV). Slow electron transit leads to production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) capable of participating in deleterious side reactions. In order to avoid overproducing ROS, mitochondria maintain a high rate of O(2) consumption by activating different exquisitely controlled uncoupling pathways. Different yeast species possess one or more uncoupling systems that work through one of two possible mechanisms: i) Proton sinks and ii) Non-pumping redox enzymes. Proton sinks are exemplified by mitochondrial unspecific channels (MUC) and by uncoupling proteins (UCP). Saccharomyces. cerevisiae and Debaryomyces hansenii express highly regulated MUCs. Also, a UCP was described in Yarrowia lipolytica which promotes uncoupled O(2) consumption. Non-pumping alternative oxido-reductases may substitute for a pump, as in S. cerevisiae or may coexist with a complete set of pumps as in the branched respiratory chains from Y. lipolytica or D. hansenii. In addition, pumps may suffer intrinsic uncoupling (slipping). Promising models for study are unicellular parasites which can turn off their aerobic metabolism completely. The variety of energy dissipating systems in eukaryote species is probably designed to control ROS production in the different environments where each species lives. This article was published in J Bioenerg Biomembr and referenced in Bioenergetics: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Annual Congress on Biofuels
    Jun 19-21, 2017, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 2nd World Congress on Wind & Renewable Energy
    Jun 21-23, 2017, London, UK
  • World BioenergyCongress and Expo
    Jun 29-30, 2017, Madrid, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version