Author(s): Aebischer P, Valentini RF, Dario P, Domenici C, Galletti PM
Piezoelectric nerve guidance channels made of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) were evaluated in a transected mouse sciatic nerve model. Poled PVDF channels were compared to unpoled PVDF channels after 4 and 12 weeks of implantation. In all animals, the proximal and distal nerve stumps were bridged by a continuous nerve cable. Nerves regenerated in poled channels contained a higher number of myelinated axons than those regenerated in unpoled channels at both time periods. We conclude that piezoelectric nerve guidance channels enhance peripheral nerve regeneration and provide a tool to investigate the influence of electrical activity on nerve regeneration.