Author(s): Freitas RM, Bezerra Felipe CF, Nascimento VS, Oliveira AA, Viana GS,
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Abstract High doses of the muscarinic cholinergic agonist pilocarpine are a useful model for investigation of the essential mechanisms for seizure generation and spread in rodents. Pilocarpine (400 mg/kg; subcutaneously) was administered in 2-month-old female rats, and the content of striatum monoamines and (M(1)+M(2)) muscarinic and D(2) dopaminergic receptors was measured in the acute period. All treated animals showed peripheral cholinergic signs, stereotyped and clonic movements, tremors, seizures and the percentage mortality was approximately 63\%. High performance liquid chromatography determinations, performed 24 h later, showed a decrease of striatal levels of dopamine, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenylacetic acid and 5-hydroxytryptamine. Pilocarpine treatment induced downregulation of (M(1)+M(2)) muscarinic receptors and reduced the dissociation constants of (M(1)+M(2)) muscarinic and D(2) dopaminergic receptors, suggesting that these systems exert opposite effects on the regulation of convulsive activity. These and other important neurochemical changes found in the course of establishment of an epileptic focus can be observed after status epilepticus induced by pilocarpine.
This article was published in Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol
and referenced in Journal of Cell Science & Therapy