Author(s): Frey C, Andersen GD, Feder KS
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Abstract This is a retrospective study of 12 cases of hyperplantarflexion injuries to the great toe and the lesser toes sustained in professional beach volleyball players. The hyperplantarflexion injury to the metatarsophalangeal joint, referred to as "sand toe," can result in significant functional disability. Push-off, forward drive, running, and jumping are compromised. The average player in this series took 6 months to fully recover from the injury, and the most common problem after injury was the loss of dorsiflexion, seen in six players. Five players had residual discomfort in the injured toe, and two demonstrated an unstable toe. Individuals who experience sand toe injuries should be treated conservatively, with taping, anti-inflammatory medications, shoe wear modification, ice, and rest. A toe strengthening program is also presented.
This article was published in Foot Ankle Int
and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics