alexa Plasma and cellular retinoid-binding proteins and transthyretin (prealbumin) are all localized in the islets of Langerhans in the rat.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Kato M, Kato K, Blaner WS, Chertow BS, Goodman DS

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Abstract The immunohistochemical localization of plasma retinol-binding protein (RBP), cellular retinol-binding protein (CRBP), and transthyretin (TTR) was studied in rat pancreas. The studies employed antibodies purified by immunosorbent affinity chromatography, permitting the specific staining and localization of each antigen by the unlabeled peroxidase-antiperoxidase method. Specific immunostaining for each of these three proteins was found localized to the islets of Langerhans. Both RBP and CRBP were localized in cells that were peripherally distributed within the islets, with an anatomic distribution that resembled that of the glucagon-containing A cells. Immunoreactive TTR was localized in cells that were more centrally distributed in the islets, with an anatomic distribution that resembled that of the insulin-containing B cells. These findings were confirmed by radioimmunoassay of a homogenate of isolated rat islets. By using sensitive and specific radioimmunoassays for each antigen, unusually high levels of CRBP, RBP, TTR, and cellular retinoic acid-binding protein (CRABP) were found in rat islets. The physiological significance of the localization of RBP, CRBP, CRABP, and TTR in the islets is not known. The findings suggest that retinoids and their binding proteins may play important metabolic roles within islet cells, and hence that they may be involved in some way in the biological, endocrine, function of the islets.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

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