Author(s): Guthmann F, Brchers T, Wolfrum C, Wustrack T, Bartholomus S,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Both early diagnostic and prognostic assessment of the acute abdomen in preterm infants are hampered by the lack of a sensitive and specific parameter for intestinal injury. In this prospective clinical study we wanted to estimate the value of intestinal (I-) and liver (L-) fatty acid binding protein (FABP) in diagnosing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Using highly sensitive and specific sandwich ELISAs which employ recombinant human I- and L-FABP as standard proteins (limit of detection 0.1 ng/ml plasma), the L-FABP concentration (median 7.6 ng/ml) was determined to be about 3 fold that of I-FABP (median 2.52 ng/ml) in plasma of healthy preterm infants. I- and L-FABP concentrations significantly increased with birth weight (1.6 and 5.0 ng/ ml per kg, respectively). At onset of symptoms, I-FABP concentration was significantly higher in infants who later developed severe NEC compared to healthy infants and those, whose illness remained confined to stage I or II. L-FABP was significantly elevated compared to the control group at onset of symptoms regardless of the further course of NEC. In conclusion, I-FABP appears to be a specific parameter for early detection of intestinal injury leading to severe NEC stage III. L-FABP, however, is a promising sensitive marker even for stage I of NEC.
This article was published in Mol Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics