Author(s): Bortner CD, GomezAngelats M, Cidlowski JA
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Abstract The movement of intracellular monovalent cations has previously been shown to play a critical role in events leading to the characteristics associated with apoptosis. A loss of intracellular potassium and sodium occurs during apoptotic cell shrinkage establishing an intracellular environment favorable for nuclease activity and caspase activation. We have now investigated the potential movement of monovalent ions in Jurkat cells that occur prior to cell shrinkage following the induction of apoptosis. A rapid increase in intracellular sodium occurs early after apoptotic stimuli suggesting that the normal negative plasma membrane potential may change during cell death. We report here that diverse apoptotic stimuli caused a rapid cellular depolarization of Jurkat T-cells that occurs prior to and after cell shrinkage. In addition to the early increase in intracellular Na(+), (86)Rb(+) studies reveal a rapid inhibition of K(+) uptake in response to anti-Fas. These effects on Na(+) and K(+) ions were accounted for by the inactivation of the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase protein and its activity. Furthermore, ouabain, a cardiac glycoside inhibitor of the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, potentiated anti-Fas-induced apoptosis. Finally, activation of an anti-apoptotic signal, i.e. protein kinase C, prevented both cellular depolarization in response to anti-Fas and all downstream characteristics associated with apoptosis. Thus cellular depolarization is an important early event in anti-Fas-induced apoptosis, and the inability of cells to repolarize via inhibition of the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase is a likely regulatory component of the death process.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques