alexa Plasma membrane depolarization without repolarization is an early molecular event in anti-Fas-induced apoptosis.
Chemical Engineering

Chemical Engineering

Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Author(s): Bortner CD, GomezAngelats M, Cidlowski JA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The movement of intracellular monovalent cations has previously been shown to play a critical role in events leading to the characteristics associated with apoptosis. A loss of intracellular potassium and sodium occurs during apoptotic cell shrinkage establishing an intracellular environment favorable for nuclease activity and caspase activation. We have now investigated the potential movement of monovalent ions in Jurkat cells that occur prior to cell shrinkage following the induction of apoptosis. A rapid increase in intracellular sodium occurs early after apoptotic stimuli suggesting that the normal negative plasma membrane potential may change during cell death. We report here that diverse apoptotic stimuli caused a rapid cellular depolarization of Jurkat T-cells that occurs prior to and after cell shrinkage. In addition to the early increase in intracellular Na(+), (86)Rb(+) studies reveal a rapid inhibition of K(+) uptake in response to anti-Fas. These effects on Na(+) and K(+) ions were accounted for by the inactivation of the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase protein and its activity. Furthermore, ouabain, a cardiac glycoside inhibitor of the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, potentiated anti-Fas-induced apoptosis. Finally, activation of an anti-apoptotic signal, i.e. protein kinase C, prevented both cellular depolarization in response to anti-Fas and all downstream characteristics associated with apoptosis. Thus cellular depolarization is an important early event in anti-Fas-induced apoptosis, and the inability of cells to repolarize via inhibition of the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase is a likely regulatory component of the death process. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Analytical & Bioanalytical Techniques

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords