Author(s): Yoon Y, Song J, Hong SH, Kim JQ
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Plasma NOx (nitrate and nitrite) is a stable end product of the vasodilator NO. Several polymorphisms in the endothelial constitutive NO synthase (ecNOS) gene have been reported, including the 4a/4b VNTR polymorphism in intron 4, the E298D mutation in exon 7, and the G10-T polymorphism in intron 23. The aims of this study were to examine plasma NOx in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and to assess the association between plasma NOx concentrations and the three ecNOS gene polymorphisms. METHODS: Plasma NOx was measured in samples from 128 healthy controls and from 110 CAD patients at least 2 months after myocardial infarction. Three genetic polymorphisms that are known or have been suggested to be associated with plasma NOx concentration were also analyzed by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. RESULTS: Median plasma NOx was significantly higher (P <0.001) in CAD patients (95.9 micromol/L) than in controls (73.8 micromol/L). Furthermore, the median plasma NOx was significantly higher (P <0.001) in hypertensive CAD patients (116.0 micromol/L) than in controls and normotensive CAD patients (86.0 micromol/L). The G-allele frequency of the G10-T polymorphism in intron 23 was significantly higher in CAD patients than in controls. Other polymorphisms showed no differences in allelic frequencies among the control and CAD groups. In controls, individuals with the E298D mutation in exon 7 (136.1 micromol/L) showed significantly higher (P = 0.001) median plasma NOx than those without this mutation (64.5 micromol/L). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma NOx was higher in hypertensive CAD patients than in normotensive CAD patients and controls. The E298D polymorphism of the ecNOS gene was associated with increased plasma NOx. Further study is needed to understand the gene expression and enzyme activity of ecNOS and their association with genotypes.
This article was published in Clin Chem
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology