alexa Plasmacytic differentiation in MALT lymphomas following treatment with rituximab.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Troch M

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Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are B cell neoplasms which commonly affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Gastrointestinal MALT lymphomas rarely show plasmacytic differentiation (PCD), and limited data on the potential influence of the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab (R) on PCD exist in the current literature. We have retrospectively analyzed patients with GI MALT lymphomas treated with R-containing regimens because restaging is routinely performed by repeated biopsies with pathohistological response assessment. Twenty-one patients with GI MALT lymphoma were identified to have undergone R-containing therapy. In 19 patients, the lymphoma originated in the stomach, while the colon was the primarily affected organ in two cases. Four patients received R monotherapy and 17 combinations of R with various chemotherapeutic agents. Only two patients with gastric MALT lymphoma had PCD before initiation of therapy. In 7 of 19 patients (37%) without PCD at diagnosis, restaging revealed PCD after or while on treatment with R-containing regimens. Out of these seven patients, only one patient had a complete response as opposed to 10/12 without PCD. These data suggest that R or R-containing treatment regimens may not optimally eradicate the plasma cell component and thus lead to PCD in patients with GI MALT lymphoma. In view of this, rebiopsy and histological re-assessment appear mandatory in patients failing/relapsing after R-containing regimens.

This article was published in Ann Hematol. and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

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