Author(s): Bergdahl A, Gomez MF, Wihlborg AK, Erlinge D, Eyjolfson A,
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Abstract Loss of the smooth muscle contractile phenotype is critical in atherosclerosis and in restenosis after angioplasty, but its early signals are incompletely understood. In this study, we have explored the role of transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) proteins, which have been suggested to mediate store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). Contractility of rat cerebral arteries in organ culture is preserved for several days, whereas SOCE is increased. In correlation with this increase is that nifedipine-insensitive whole cell current, activated by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores, was increased by 50\% in cells isolated from arteries cultured for 3 days. TRPC1 and TRPC6 mRNA were more than fivefold increased in cells isolated after organ culture, whereas TRPC3 was decreased. Immunofluorescent staining and/or Western blotting of arteries and isolated cells showed upregulation of TRPC1 and TRPC6 proteins during organ culture. In intact arteries, TRPC4 expression correlated with the amount of endothelium present. Ca2+ addition after store depletion caused a contraction in cultured, but not in freshly dissected, arteries. A polyclonal TRPC1 antibody directed against an extracellular epitope inhibited this contraction by approximately 50\%. To investigate the basis of the TRPC upregulation and assess its possible clinical significance, segments of human internal mammary artery were organ cultured for 24 h and then exposed to balloon dilatation in vitro, followed by further culturing for up to 48 h. After dilatation, TRPC1 and TRPC6 mRNA were progressively increased compared with undilated control segments. The results of this study indicate that vascular injury enhances plasticity in TRPC expression, that TRPC expression correlates with cellular Ca2+ handling, and that TRPC1 is a subunit of upregulated store-operated Ca2+ channels.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Cell Physiol
and referenced in International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation