alexa Platelet function in septic multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense

Author(s): Gawaz M, Dickfeld T, Bogner C, FatehMoghadam S, Neumann FJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Altered platelet function plays a role in the pathophysiology of multiple organ failure in sepsis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate various aspects of platelet adhesive function in septic patients and its putative relevance for prognosis. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: Intensive Care Unit of the University Hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 41 patients admitted to the medical Intensive Care Unit were studied. On the day of admission, patients were evaluated by intensive care scoring systems (Elebute, APACHE II) to assess the severity of sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), and platelet function tests were performed. All patients were observed for 28 days to assess their clinical outcomes. Eleven patients revealed septicemia without MODS (Elebute > or = 12, APACHE II < 20) and 20 septic patients suffered from MODS (Elebute > or = 12, APACHE II > or = 20). Ten non-septic patients without MODS served as a control group (Elebute < 12, APACHE II < 20). Flow cytometric determination of the activated fibrinogen (fg) receptor GPIIb-IIIa and as well as thrombospondin (TSP) on platelets and platelet-neutrophil adhesion (CD 41 immunofluorescence) ex vivo was performed using monoclonal antibodies. The effect of plasma obtained from patients on normal platelet aggregation in vitro, and adhesion to cultured endothelial cells was evaluated. RESULTS: The surface expression of TSP on platelets was increased in septic patients with MODS compared to controls (p < 0.03). Platelet-neutrophil adhesion was not significantly altered in septicemia (p < 0.09) but decreased significantly in the presence of MODS (p < 0.05) when compared to controls. Logistic regression analysis showed that platelet-neutrophil adhesion was an independent predictor for poor clinical outcome (p < 0.01). Plasma from septic patients sensitized normal platelets to hyperaggregate and to adhere to cultured endothelium (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: In septic patients platelets become activated and are hyperadhesive to other vascular cells including neutrophils and endothelium. This may induce sequestration of platelets and microcirculatory arrest, thus the development of MODS.
This article was published in Intensive Care Med and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords