alexa Platelet-derived growth factor-stimulated migration of murine fibroblasts is associated with epidermal growth factor receptor expression and tyrosine phosphorylation.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Li J, Kim YN, Bertics PJ

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Abstract Previous studies have shown that epidermal growth factor (EGF) synergizes with various extracellular matrix components in promoting the migration of B82L fibroblasts expressing wild-type EGF receptors and that functional EGF receptors are critical for the conversion of B82L fibroblasts to a migratory cell type (). In the present study, we examined the effects of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on the motility of B82L fibroblasts using a microchemotaxis chamber. We found that PDGF can enhance fibronectin-induced migration of B82L fibroblasts expressing wild-type EGF receptors (B82L-clone B3). However, B82L cells that lack the EGF receptor (B82L-parental) or that express an EGF receptor that is kinase-inactive (B82L-K721M) or C-terminally truncated (B82L-c'973) exhibit little PDGF-stimulated migration. In addition, none of these three cell lines exhibit the capacity to migrate to fibronectin alone. These observations indicate that, similar to cell migration toward fibronectin, PDGF-induced cell migration of B82L fibroblasts is augmented by the expression of an intact EGF receptor kinase. The loss of PDGF-stimulated motility in B82L cells that do not express an intact EGF receptor does not appear to result from a gross dysfunction of PDGF receptors, because ligand-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation of the PDGF-beta receptor and the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases are readily detectable in these cells. Moreover, an interaction between EGF and PDGF receptor systems is supported by the observation that the EGF receptor exhibits an increase in phosphotyrosine content in a time-dependent fashion upon the addition of PDGF. Altogether, these studies demonstrate that the expression of EGF receptor is critical for PDGF-stimulated migration of murine B82L fibroblasts and suggest a role for the EGF receptor downstream of PDGF receptor activation in the signaling events that lead to PDGF-stimulated cell motility.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

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