Author(s): Marumo T, SchiniKerth VB, Fisslthaler B, Busse R
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and superoxide anion (O2.-) have been implicated in vascular diseases. We investigated whether PDGF stimulates the production of O2.- in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HSMCs) and whether O2.- leads in this way to the activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and induction of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) in PDGF-stimulated HSMCs. METHODS AND RESULTS: PDGF-AB concentration- and time-dependently stimulated O2.- generation from HSMCs. The stimulatory effect of PDGF-AB was mimicked by PDGF-BB but not by PDGF-AA. The generation of O2.- by PDGF-AB was attenuated by the NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitor iodonium diphenyl, the specific protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor Ro 31-8220, and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin. Allopurinol and nifedipine had no effect on PDGF-AB-induced O2.- release, whereas indomethacin potentiated this response. Gel mobility shift assay revealed that PDGF-AB increased the binding activity of NF-kappaB, which contained predominantly the p50/p65 heterodimer in nuclear extracts from HSMCs. Superoxide dismutase as well as iodonium diphenyl, Ro 31-8220, and wortmannin attenuated PDGF-AB-induced activation of NF-kappaB and expression of MCP-1 mRNA. In contrast, superoxide dismutase did not inhibit the interleukin-1beta-induced NF-kappaB activation. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that PDGF stimulates O2.- generation in HSMCs via PKC-dependent and wortmannin-sensitive pathways involving flavoenzyme(s). This PDGF-induced O2.- production may be involved in vascular lesion formation by mediating, at least in part, NF-kappaB activation and MCP-1 induction.
This article was published in Circulation
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science