Author(s): Zarbock A, PolanowskaGrabowska RK, Ley K
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Abstract Platelets are essential for primary hemostasis, but they also play an important pro-inflammatory role. Platelets normally circulate in a quiescent state. Upon activation, platelets can secrete and present various molecules, change their shape as well as the expression pattern of adhesion molecules. These changes are associated with the adhesion of platelets to leukocytes and the vessel wall. The interaction of platelets with neutrophils promotes the recruitment of neutrophils into inflammatory tissue and thus participates in host defense. This interaction of neutrophils with platelets is mainly mediated through P-selectin and beta(2) and beta(3) integrins (CD11b/CD18, CD41/CD61). Platelets can also interact with endothelial cells and monocytes. Adherent platelets promote the 'secondary capture' of neutrophils and other leukocytes. In addition, platelets secrete neutrophil and endothelial activators inducing production of inflammatory cytokines. Thus, platelets are important amplifiers of acute inflammation.
This article was published in Blood Rev
and referenced in Journal of Thrombosis and Circulation: Open Access