Author(s): Anitua E, Snchez M, Nurden AT, Zalduendo MM, de la Fuente M,
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: Autologous platelet-secreted growth factors (GFs) may have therapeutic effects in osteoarthritis (OA) capsular joints via multiple mechanisms. Our aim was to examine the effect of a platelet-derived preparation rich in growth factors (PRGFs) in OA synovial cell biology. METHODS: Synovial cells were isolated from 10 osteoarthritic patients and cultured in serum-free media (basal conditions) and exposed to either a platelet-poor preparation or PRGF for 72 h. Cells activated with interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) for 48 h were also exposed to PRGF. Changes in several events relevant to joint homeostasis including (i) hyaluronic acid (HA) secretion, (ii) the balance between metalloproteinase-1, -3 and -13 (MMP-1, MMP-3 and MMP-13) and tissue inhibitor-1 (TIMP-1) and (iii) the secretion of transforming growth factor-beta1(TGF-beta1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), were all assessed. RESULTS: PRGF significantly enhanced HA secretion compared with platelet-poor preparations, P < 0.05; at the same time release of TIMP-1, MMP-1, MMP-3 and MMP-13 were not affected. An increased HGF production was observed (P < 0.05) but VEGF and TGF-beta1 levels remained unchanged. PRGF significantly enhanced the secretion of HA induced by IL-1beta activation, P < 0.05, but it did not modify the IL-1beta-induced rise in MMP-1, MMP-3 and VEGF. In contrast, PRGF-induced HGF production was abolished by the presence of IL-1beta during PRGF treatment, P < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Intra-articular administration of PRGF might be beneficial in restoring HA concentration and switching angiogenesis to a more balanced status but does not halt the effects of IL-1beta on synovial cells.
This article was published in Rheumatology (Oxford)
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