alexa Playing soccer increases serum concentrations of the biochemical markers of brain damage S-100B and neuron-specific enolase in elite players: a pilot study.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

Author(s): Stlnacke BM, Tegner Y, Sojka P, Stlnacke BM, Tegner Y, Sojka P

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Abstract PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To analyse serum concentrations of two biochemical markers of brain tissue damage, S-100B and NSE (neurone-specific enolase), in male soccer players in connection to the game. METHODS: Blood samples were taken in players before and after a competitive game and the numbers of headers and of trauma events during soccer play were assessed. RESULTS: Both S-100B and NSE were significantly raised in serum samples obtained after the game in comparison with the pre-game values (S-100B: 0.118 +/- 0.040 microg L(-1) vs 0.066 +/- 0.025 microg L(-1), p < 0.001; NSE: 10.29 +/- 2.16 microg L(-1) vs 8.57 +/- 2.31 microg L(-1), p < 0.001). Only changes in S-100B concentrations (post-game minus pre-game values) were statistically significantly correlated to the number of headers (r = 0.428, p = 0.02) and to the number of other trauma events (r = 0.453, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Playing competitive elite soccer was found to cause increase in serum concentrations of S-100B and NSE. Increases in S-100B were significantly correlated to the number of headers, and heading may accordingly have contributed to these increases. Copyright 2004 Taylor and Francis Ltd This article was published in Brain Inj and referenced in Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology

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