alexa Pleural effusions and pneumothoraces in AIDS.


Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Author(s): Afessa B

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Pneumothorax occurs in 1 to 2\% of hospitalized patients with HIV and is associated with 34\% mortality. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and chest radiographic evidence of cysts, pneumatoceles, or bullae are risk factors for spontaneous pneumothorax. Tube thoracostomy, pleurodesis, and surgical treatment are usually needed to manage spontaneous pneumothorax in AIDS. Pleural effusion is seen in 7 to 27\% of hospitalized patients with HIV infection. Its three leading causes are parapneumonic effusions, tuberculosis, and Kaposi sarcoma. Pleural effusions occur in 15 to 89\% of cases of pulmonary Kaposi sarcoma and in 68\% of cases of thoracic non-Hodgkin lymphoma in patients with AIDS. Primary effusion lymphoma accounts for 1 to 2\% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Kaposi sarcoma and primary effusion lymphoma are associated with human herpesvirus 8. The prognosis of patients with pleural Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in AIDS is poor, and the major goal of treatment is palliation.
This article was published in Curr Opin Pulm Med and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version