alexa Plexiform neurofibromas in NF1: toward biologic-based therapy.

Author(s): Packer RJ, Gutmann DH, Rubenstein A, Viskochil D, Zimmerman RA,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most common neurogenetic diseases affecting adults and children. Neurofibromas are one of the most common of the protean manifestations of NF1. Plexiform neurofibromas, which will frequently cause cosmetic abnormalities, pain, and neurologic deficits, are composed of "neoplastic" Schwann cells accompanied by other participating cellular and noncellular components. There is increasing evidence that loss of NF1 expression in neoplastic Schwann cells is associated with elevated levels of activated RAS, supporting the notion that the NF1 gene product, neurofibromin, acts as a growth regulator by inhibiting ras growth-promoting activity. In addition, there is increasing evidence that other cooperating events, which may be under cytokine modulation, are important for neurofibroma development and growth. Treatment of plexiform neurofibromas has been empiric, with surgery being the primary option for those with progressive lesions causing a major degree of morbidity. The efficacy of alternative treatment approaches, including the use of antihistamines, maturation agents, and antiangiogenic drugs, has been questionable. More recently, biologic-based therapeutic approaches, using drugs that target the molecular genetic underpinnings of plexiform neurofibromas or cytokines believed important in tumor growth, have been initiated. Evaluation of such trials is hindered by the unpredictable natural history of plexiform neurofibromas and difficulties in determining objective response in tumors that are notoriously large and irregular in shape. Innovative neuroimaging techniques and the incorporation of quality-of-life scales may be helpful in evaluation of therapeutic interventions. The ability to design more rational therapies for NF1-associated neurofibromas is heavily predicated on an improved understanding of the molecular and cellular biology of the cells involved in neurofibroma formation and growth.
This article was published in Neurology and referenced in

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Recommended Journals

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords