alexa PnPP-19, a spider toxin peptide, induces peripheral antinociception through opioid and cannabinoid receptors and inhibition of neutral endopeptidase.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

Author(s): Freitas AC, Pacheco DF, , Machado MF, Carmona AK,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The synthetic peptide PnPP-19 has been studied as a new drug candidate to treat erectile dysfunction. However, PnTx2-6, the spider toxin from which the peptide was designed, induces hyperalgesia. Therefore, we intended to investigate the role of PnPP-19 in the nociceptive pathway. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Nociceptive thresholds were measured by paw pressure test. PnPP-19 was administered intraplantarly alone or with selective cannabinoid or opioid receptor antagonists. The hydrolysis of PnPP-19 by neutral endopeptidase (NEP) (EC 3.4.24.11), an enzyme that cleaves enkephalin, was monitored by HPLC and the cleavage sites were deduced by LC-MS. Inhibition by PnPP-19 and Leu-enkephalin of NEP enzyme activity was determined spectrofluorimetrically. KEY RESULTS: PnPP-19 (5, 10 and 20 μg per paw) induced peripheral antinociception in rats. Specific antagonists of μ opioid receptors (clocinnamox), δ opioid receptors (naltrindole) and CB1 receptors (AM251) partly inhibited the antinociceptive effect of PnPP-19. Inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase by MAFP or of anandamide uptake by VDM11 enhanced PnPP-19-induced antinociception. NEP cleaved PnPP-19 only after a long incubation, and Ki values of 35.6 ± 1.4 and 14.6 ± 0.44 μmol·L(-1) were determined for PnPP-19 and Leu-enkephalin respectively as inhibitors of NEP activity. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Antinociception induced by PnPP-19 appears to involve the inhibition of NEP and activation of CB1, μ and δ opioid receptors. Our data provide a greater understanding of the antinociceptive effects of PnPP-19. This peptide could be useful as a new antinociceptive drug candidate.
This article was published in Br J Pharmacol and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference on Gynecology and Obstetrics Pathology
    October 23-24, 2017 Orlando, USA
  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    Nov 13-14, 2017, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_bioche[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords