Author(s): Sebastin JL, Muoz S, Sancho M, Martnez G, Kaler KV
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Abstract We predict the complex polarizability of a realistic model of a red blood cell (RBC), with an inhomogeneous dispersive and anisotropic membrane. In this model, the frequency-dependent complex electrical parameters of the individual cell layers are described by the Debye equation while the dielectric anisotropy of the cell membrane is taken into account by the different permittivities along directions normal and tangential to the membrane surface. The realistic shape of the RBC is described in terms of the Jacobi elliptic functions. To calculate the polarizability, we evoke the effective dipole moment method to determine the cell internal electric field distribution, employing an adaptive finite-element numerical approach. We have furthermore investigated the influence of the anisotropic membrane and dispersive electrical parameters of each individual cell layer on the total complex polarizability. Our findings suggest that the individual layer contribution depends on two factors: the volume of the layer and the associated induced electric field, which in turn is influenced by other layers of the cell. These results further show that the average polarizability spectra of the cell are significantly impacted by the anisotropy and associated dispersion of the cellular compartments.
This article was published in Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys
and referenced in Journal of Physical Chemistry & Biophysics