alexa Polarized localization of vitamin C transporters, SVCT1 and SVCT2, in epithelial cells.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Author(s): Boyer JC, Campbell CE, Sigurdson WJ, Kuo SM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Messenger RNA of homologous sodium-vitamin C cotransporters, SVCT1 and SVCT2, were found in the intestine. Studies using cultured intestinal cells suggested an apical presence of SVCT1 but the function of SVCT2 was unknown. Here, we showed that enterocytes from heterozygous SVCT2-knockout mice had lower sodium-dependent vitamin C accumulation compared to those from the wildtype. Thus, SVCT2 appears to be functional in enterocytes. We then tested whether SVCT2 could have a redundant function as SVCT1 by constructing and expressing EGFP-tagged SVCTs in intestinal Caco-2 and kidney MDCK cells. In confluent epithelial cells, SVCT1 protein expressed predominantly on the apical membrane. SVCT2, in contrast, accumulated at the basolateral surface. Functionally, SVCT1 expression led to more transport activity from the apical membrane, while SVCT2 expression only increased the uptake under the condition when basolateral membrane was exposed. This differential epithelial membrane distribution and function suggests non-redundant functions of these two isoforms. This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • Food Security and Sustainability
    June 26-27, 2017 San Diego, USA
  • Food & Beverages
    July 27-29, 2017 Chicago, USA
  • Food Processing & Technology
    October 02-04, 2017 London, UK
  • Public Health, Epidemiology & Nutrition
    November 13-14, 2017 Osaka, Japan
  • Food Processing & Technology
    December 05-07, 2016 San Antonio, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords