Author(s): Potineni A, Lynn DM, Langer R, Amiji MM
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Abstract The main objective of this study was to develop and characterize a pH-sensitive biodegradable polymeric nanoparticulate system for tumor-selective paclitaxel delivery. A representative hydrophobic poly(beta-amino ester) (poly-1) was synthesized by conjugate addition of 4,4'-trimethyldipiperidine with 1,4-butanediol diacrylate. Poly-1 (M(n) 10,000 daltons) nanoparticles were prepared by the controlled solvent displacement method in an ethanol-water system in the presence of Pluronic) F-108, a poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)-containing non-ionic surfactant. Control and PEO-modified nanoparticles were characterized by Coulter counter, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), zeta potential measurements, and electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA). Polymer degradation studies were performed in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, pH 7.4) at 37 degrees C. Paclitaxel loading capacities and efficiencies were determined and release studies were performed in Tween)-80 (0.1\%, w/v)-containing PBS at 37 degrees C. Control and PEO-modified nanoparticles, labeled with rhodamine-123, were incubated with BT-20 cells to examine the uptake and cellular distribution as a function of time. PEO-modified nanoparticles with an average size of 100-150 nm and a positive surface charge of 37.0 mV were prepared. SEM analysis showed distinct smooth, spherical particles. The ether (-C-O-) peak of the C(1s) envelope in ESCA confirmed the surface presence of PEO chains. Polymer biodegradation studies showed that almost 85\% of the starting material degraded after 6 days. The maximum paclitaxel loading efficiency attained was 97\% at 1.0\% (w/w) of the drug. Paclitaxel release studies showed that approximately 10\% was released in the first 24 h, 80\% after 3 days, and the entire content was released in approximately 5 days. After 1 h of incubation, a large fraction of the administered control and PEO-modified poly-1 nanoparticles was internalized in BT-20 cells. Results of this study demonstrate that PEO-modified poly-1 nanoparticles could provide increased therapeutic benefit by delivering the encapsulated drug to solid tumors.
This article was published in J Control Release
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology