Author(s): Shenoy DB, Amiji MM
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Abstract This study was carried out to evaluate and compare the biodistribution profile of tamoxifen when administered intravenously (i.v.) as a simple solution or when encapsulated in polymeric nanoparticulate formulations, with or without surface-stabilizing agents. Tamoxifen-loaded, poly(ethylene oxide)-modified poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PEO-PCL) nanoparticles were prepared by solvent displacement process that allowed in situ surface modification via physical adsorption of poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PPO-PEO) triblock polymeric stabilizer (Pluronic). The nanoparticles were characterized for particle size and surface charge. Presence of PEO chains on nanoparticle surface was ascertained by electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA). In vivo biodistribution studies were carried out in Nu/Nu athymic mice bearing a human breast carcinoma xenograft, MDA-MB-231 using tritiated [(3)H]-tamoxifen as radio-marker for quantification. PEO-PCL nanoparticles with an average diameter of 150-250 nm, having a smooth spherical shape, and a positive surface charge were obtained with the formulation procedure. About 90\% drug encapsulation efficiency was achieved when tamoxifen was loaded at 10\% by weight of the polymer. Aqueous wettability, suspendability, and ESCA results showed surface hydrophilization of the PCL nanoparticles by the Pluronics. The primary site of accumulation for the drug-loaded nanoparticles after i.v. administration was the liver, though up to 26\% of the total activity could be recovered in tumor at 6h post-injection for PEO-modified nanoparticles. PEO-PCL nanoparticles exhibited significantly increased level of accumulation of the drug within tumor with time as well as extended their presence in the systemic circulation than the controls (unmodified nanoparticles or the solution form). Pluronic surfactants (F-68 and F-108) presented simple means for efficient surface modification and stabilization of PCL nanoparticles to achieve preferential tumor-targeting and a circulating drug reservoir for tamoxifen.
This article was published in Int J Pharm
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology