Author(s): Ding Y, Liu J, Jin X, Lu H, Shen G,
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Abstract Hybrid composites are of special scientific interest for biochemical applications wherein the abilities to modulate the morphology and property of the hybrid material are important. In this paper, the formation of poly-L-lysine/hydroxyapatite/carbon nanotube (PLL/HA/CNT) hybrid nanoparticles is described and a general design strategy for an immunosensing platform has been proposed on the basis of PLL/HA/CNT nanocomposite adsorption of antibodies. Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) used as a model transducer and the detection performances of the resulting immunosensor were investigated by use of the immuno-system of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), an important indicator in the diagnosis of clinical cancers. The hybrid nanocomposite was characterized by the transmission electron microscope (TEM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectrum measurements. The frequency response characteristics for the processes of immobilization and immunoreaction of anchored anti-CA19-9 antibodies were studied in detail. It was found that the developed sensing interface has some advantages such as the activation-free immobilization and the high antigen-binding activities of antibodies. The as-prepared immunosensor can allow for the determination of CA19-9 in the concentration range of around 12.5-270.0 U ml(-1). Such an interface design with the hybrid nanocomposite should be tailored as a new alternative used for biosensor design.
This article was published in Analyst
and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry