Author(s): Caterson EJ, Li WJ, Nesti LJ, Albert T, Danielson K,
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Abstract Marrow stroma-derived cells (MSC) are highly proliferative, multipotential cells that have been considered as ideal candidate cells for autologous tissue engineering applications. In this study, we have characterized the chondrogenic potential of human MSCs in both a PLA/alginate amalgam and pure PLA macrostructure as model three-dimensional constructs to support both chondrogenic differentiation and proliferation following TGF-beta treatment. MSCs were seeded in experimental groups that consisted of PLA-loaded constructs and PLA/alginate amalgams with and without recombinant human TGF-beta1. Chondrogenesis of the PLA and the PLA/alginate amalgam cultures was assessed at weekly intervals by histology, immunohistochemistry, scanning electron microscopy, sulfate incorporation, and RT-PCR. Chondrogenic differentiation occurs within a polymeric macrostructure with TGF-beta1 treatment as indicated by histological, immunohistochemical, sulfate incorporation, and gene expression profiles. This macrostructure can be further encased in an alginate gel/solution to optimize cell shape and to confine growth factors and cells within the polymer construct, while the polymeric scaffold provides appropriate mechanical/tissue support. The stable three-dimensional PLA/alginate amalgam represents a novel candidate system of mesenchymal chondrogenesis, which is amendable to investigation of mechanical and biological factors that normally modulate cartilage development and formation as well as a potential tissue engineering construct for cartilage repair.
This article was published in Ann N Y Acad Sci
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology