alexa Polymerase chain reaction assay for the detection and identification of Mycobacterium leprae in patients in the United States.
Genetics

Genetics

Molecular Biology: Open Access

Author(s): Scollard DM, Gillis TP, Williams DL

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The differentiation of leprosy from other cutaneous granulomatous diseases is routinely based on characteristic histopathologic features and the demonstration of Mycobacterium leprae by acid-fast staining. Increased ascertainment of other mycobacterial infections in the skin has made this task more difficult, but the distinction remains fundamental for the selection of appropriate treatment. Experience with formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues, frozen tissues, and tissue lysates referred for detection of M. leprae DNA by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay during the past 4 years was reviewed. This assay was done by using primers and probes previously developed in our laboratory to amplify a 360-base-pair fragment of the gene for an 18-kD protein of M. leprae. Among biopsy samples obtained from 37 patients, PCR results were positive for 10 of 20 samples diagnosed as leprosy by histopathologic criteria and in 0 of 17 not diagnosed as leprosy. The specificity of the assay was 100\% in this clinical referral material; sensitivity ranged from 50\% to 83\%. The PCR assay also identified M. leprae in one third of samples in which acid-fast organisms were seen and the histopathologic features were consistent with but not definitive of leprosy. In a nonendemic population, the sensitivity and specificity of PCR assay recommend its use primarily to identify M. leprae when acid-fast organisms are discernible but atypical clinical or histopathologic features obscure the diagnosis. The assay is not highly informative when acid-fast bacilli are not detectable by light microscopy.
This article was published in Am J Clin Pathol and referenced in Molecular Biology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

bioch[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords