Author(s): Chuang SC, Hsi E, Wang SN, Yu ML, Lee KT,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Gallstone disease (GSD) is a common disease that can be caused by environmental influences, common genetic factors and their interactions. Mucin glycoproteins may be one important factor for GSD. We conducted a case-control study to investigate the relationship between the mucin-like protocadherin (MUPCDH) gene polymorphisms and GSD. METHODS: The study included 452 GSD cases and 491 healthy controls who had no evidence of gallstones by ultrasound examination. Two common tagging single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs3758650 and rs7932167, and four non-synonymous SNPs rs34362213, rs2740375, rs7108757 and rs2740379 were genotyped. The genetic effects were evaluated using the multivariate regression model. RESULTS: The genotypes of these SNPs were all in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Three non-synonymous SNPs (rs34362213, rs7108757 and rs2740379) were monomorphic. The single SNP analysis showed two SNPs (rs7932167 and rs2740375) were not associated with GSD and only SNP rs3758650 had the association of the presence of GSD with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.59 (adjusted P=0.013) for the AG genotype and 5.82 (adjusted P=0.007) for the AA genotype when compared with the reference GG genotype. The haplotype analysis of the three polymorphic SNPs showed GCA was significant for GSD (adjusted p=0.001) with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.41 when compared to other haplotypes. CONCLUSIONS: The MUPCDH genetic polymorphism rs3758650 was considered a genetic marker to predict symptomatic GSD subjects. It may be of importance for GSD patients with the risk SNPs to be frequently checked because they may develop symptomatic GSD. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Clin Chim Acta
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research