alexa Polymorphisms of the ICAM-1 gene are associated with inflammatory bowel disease, regardless of the p-ANCA status.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunome Research

Author(s): Braun C, Zahn R, Martin K, Albert E, Folwaczny C, Braun C, Zahn R, Martin K, Albert E, Folwaczny C

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Abstract The intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is of paramount importance for the initiation and propagation of various inflammatory conditions. An increased frequency of allele R241 of the ICAM-1 gene was previously described in p-ANCA-negative as compared to p-ANCA-positive ulcerative colitis and vice versa in Crohn's disease. One hundred sixteen healthy unrelated controls, 121 patients with ulcerative colitis, and 96 patients with Crohn's disease were genotyped for two polymorphisms of the ICAM-1 gene (R/G241, exon 4; and K/E469, exon 6), employing dot-blot hybridization and stratified according to their p-ANCA status. When compared with the control group the frequency of the allele R241 (P = 0.024) and the heterozygous genotype R/G241, P = 0.032) were significantly increased in ulcerative colitis, whereas the homozygous genotype G/G241 was found less frequently (P = 0.022). The heterozygous genotype K/E469 was observed less frequently (P = 0.001 and 0.037, resp.) than the homozygous genotype E/E469, which was more frequent in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (P = 0.002 and 0.012, respectively). Further significant differences concerning the allele or genotype distribution were not observed. After stratification for the p-ANCA status significant differences concerning the frequencies of both the R241 and the E469 alleles were not detected when p-ANCA-positive inflammatory bowel disease and p-ANCA-negative inflammatory bowel disease were compared. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are associated with polymorphisms of the ICAM-1 gene, which might therefore represent a functional candidate gene. However, the observed associations are independent of the p-ANCA status. (c)2001 Elsevier Science. This article was published in Clin Immunol and referenced in Immunome Research

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