alexa Polyol osmolytes stabilize native-like cooperative intermediate state of yeast hexokinase A at low pH.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Devaraneni PK, Mishra N, Bhat R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Osmolytes produced under stress in animal and plant systems have been shown to increase thermal stability of the native state of a number of proteins as well as induce the formation of molten globule (MG) in acid denatured states and compact conformations in natively unfolded proteins. However, it is not clear whether these solutes stabilize native state relative to the MG state under partially denaturing conditions. Yeast hexokinase A exists as a MG state at pH 2.5 that does not show any cooperative transition upon heating. Does the presence of some of these osmolytes at pH 2.5 help in the retention of structure that is typical of native state? To answer this question, the effect of ethylene glycol (EG), glycerol, xylitol, sorbitol, trehalose and glucose at pH 2.5 on the structure and stability of yeast hexokinase A was investigated using spectroscopy and calorimetry. In presence of the above osmolytes, except EG, yeast hexokinase at pH 2.5 retains native secondary structure and hydrophobic core and unfolds with excessive heat absorption upon thermal denaturation. However, the cooperative structure binds to ANS suggesting that it is an intermediate between MG and the native state. Further, we show that at high concentration of polyols at pH 2.5, except EG, which populates a non-native ensemble, ΔH(cal)/ΔH(van) approaches unity indicative of two-state unfolding. The results suggest that osmolytes stabilize cooperative protein structure relative to non-cooperative ensemble. These findings have implications toward the structure formation, folding and stability of proteins produced under stress in cellular systems. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

This article was published in Biochimie and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version