alexa Polyomavirus BK versus JC replication and nephropathy in renal transplant recipients: a prospective evaluation.
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Drachenberg CB, Hirsch HH, Papadimitriou JC, Gosert R, Wali RK,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: JC virus (JCV) viruria is more common than BK virus (BKV) viruria in healthy individuals but in kidney transplants (KT), polyomavirus nephropathy (PVAN) is primarily caused by BKV. Few cases of PVAN have been attributed to JCV. Systematic studies on JCV replication in KT are lacking. METHODS: Out of a cohort of KT patients screened with urine cytology, patients shedding decoy cells were studied (n=103). Molecular studies demonstrated BKV, JCV, or BKV+JCV shedding in 58 (56.3\%), 28 (27.2\%), and 17 (16.5\%), respectively. Biopsy was performed when decoy cells persisted 2 months or serum creatinine increased >20\%. RESULTS: BKV viruria was strongly associated with BKV viremia (93\%), PVAN (48\%, P=0.01) and graft loss (P=0.03). Higher BKV viremia correlated with graft dysfunction (P=0.01), more advanced histological pattern of PVAN (P<0.0001), and more infected cells in biopsy (P=0.0001). BKV viremia of > or =10,000 copies/mL was significantly associated with histologically confirmed PVAN (P=0.0001). Reduction of immunosuppression lead to disappearance of decoy cells in patients shedding BK (>93\%). JCV viruria, was more often asymptomatic (P=0.002) and affected older patients (P=0.02). JCV PVAN was less common (21.4\%) and was characterized by sparse cytopathic changes but significant inflammation and fibrosis. JCV viremia was rare (14.2\%), transient, and low (mean 2.0E+03/mL). After reduction of immunosuppression decoy cells persisted in >50\% of patients with JCV (P=0.0001), but no graft loss occurred. During the period of the current study, the incidence of BKV-PVAN was 5.5\% and the incidence of JCV-PVAN was 0.9\%. CONCLUSIONS: The data point to significant differences of BKV and JCV biology regarding replication and disease in KT patients, with important implications for screening and management. This article was published in Transplantation and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords