alexa Poor Acceptability of Female Condom by Young Cameroonians: an Unmet Programmatic Agenda for HIV Prevention.


Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing

Author(s): Sanou Sobze M, Fokam J, Onohiol JF, Soung Iballa B, Djeunang B,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: An important component of the response to the AIDS epidemic is the prevention of HIV infection and other sexually transmitted diseases through the use of condoms. In order to enhance HIV prevention programs and minimize the occurrence of unwanted pregnancies, female condoms have been introduced within the community, with the ultimate goal of reducing vulnerability of women. The success of such a program depends on its acceptance by the target population. METHODS: A survey was conducted among 426 respondents from different regions of Cameroon, to evaluate their perception of HIV/AIDS and their level of acceptance of condom usage in general, and female condom use in particular. RESULTS: Respondents were young adults residing in seven regions of Cameroon (86.4\% west, 6.5\% Littoral, 3\% Centre and 4.1\% Adamawa, East, Far-North and North-West). Mean age was 22.6 years; 57\% were male, 95\% were single, and 77\% were university educated. Overall, 76\% of participants reported using condoms, though 48\% complained of decreased sexual satisfaction. Interestingly, awareness regarding female condoms was 74.5\% and 88.5\% in men and women respectively, however only 8\% and 9.9\% respectively reported having ever used them. Respondents generally learnt about sexual education through broadcasting media (~90\%). CONCLUSION: In this sexually active Cameroonian population, the rate of acceptance or use of female condom remains very low, even among women. Strategies to increase awareness of female condoms among young women, their benefits and correct use, are needed.
This article was published in Ig Sanita Pubbl and referenced in Journal of Community & Public Health Nursing

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