Author(s): JeanFranois F, Elezgaray J, Berson P, Vacher P, Dufourc EJ
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Abstract We investigate the mode of action of Cateslytin, an antimicrobial peptide, on zwitterionic biomembranes by performing numerical simulations and electrophysiological measurements on membrane vesicles. Using this natural beta-sheet antimicrobial peptide secreted during stress as a model we show that a single peptide is able to form a stable membrane pore of 1 nm diameter of 0.25 nS conductance found both from calculation and electrical measurements. The resulting structure does not resemble the barrel-stave or carpet models earlier predicted, but is very close to that found in the simulation of alpha-helical peptides. Based on the simulation of a mutated peptide and the effects of small external electric fields, we conclude that electrostatic forces play a crucial role in the process of pore formation.
This article was published in Biophys J
and referenced in Current Synthetic and Systems Biology