alexa Possible human leukocyte antigen-mediated genetic interaction between type 1 and type 2 Diabetes.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Li H, Lindholm E, Almgren P, Gustafsson A, Forsblom C,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We assessed the prevalence of families with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes in Finland; and we studied, in patients with type 2 diabetes, the association between a family history of type 1 diabetes, glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) antibodies (GADab), and type 1 diabetes-associated human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQB1-genotypes. Further, in mixed type 1/type 2 diabetes families, we investigated whether sharing an HLA haplotype with a family member with type 1 diabetes influenced the manifestation of type 2 diabetes. Among 695 families ascertained through the presence of more than 1 patient with type 2 diabetes, 100 (14\%) also had members with type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetic patients from the mixed families had, more often, GADab (18\% vs. 8\%, P < 0.0001) and DQB1*0302/X genotype (25\% vs. 12\%, P = 0.005) than patients from families with only type 2 diabetes; but they had a lower frequency of DQB1*02/0302 genotype, compared with adult-onset type 1 patients (4\% vs. 27\%, P < 0.0001). In the mixed families, the insulin response to oral glucose load was impaired in patients who had HLA class II risk haplotypes, either DR3(17)-DQA1*0501-DQB1*02 or DR4*0401/4-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302, compared with patients without such haplotypes (P = 0.016). This finding was independent of the presence of GADab. We conclude that type 1 and type 2 diabetes cluster in the same families. A shared genetic background with a patient with type 1 diabetes predisposes type 2 diabetic patients both to autoantibody positivity and, irrespective of antibody positivity, to impaired insulin secretion. The findings support a possible genetic interaction between type 1 and type 2 diabetes mediated by the HLA locus. This article was published in J Clin Endocrinol Metab and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords