alexa Postconditioning attenuates myocardial injury by reducing nitro-oxidative stress in vivo in rats and in humans
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Fan Q, Yang XC, Liu Y, Wang LF, Liu SH, Ge YG, Chen ML, Wang W, Zhang LK, Irwin MG, Xia Z

Abstract Share this page

In the present study, we hypothesized that postcon (postconditioning) confers cardioprotection in vivo by reducing the production of ONOO- (peroxynitrite) and nitro-oxidative stress subsequent to the inhibition of the iNOS (inducible NO synthase). Patients with AMI (acute myocardial infarct) were randomly assigned to undergo percutaneous coronary intervention without (control) or with ischaemic postcon by three episodes of 30-s inflation and 30-s deflation of the angioplasty balloon. Animal models of MI/R (myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion) injury were induced in rats by occluding the left coronary artery for 40 min followed by 4-h reperfusion. Rats were randomized to receive vehicle, postcon (three cycles of 10-s reperfusion and 10-s coronary re-occlusion preceding full reperfusion), the selective iNOS inhibitor 1400W or postcon plus 3-morpholinosydnonimine (an ONOO- donor). Postcon in patients reduced iNOS activity in white blood cells, decreased plasma nitrotyrosine, a fingerprint of ONOO- and an index of nitro-oxidative stress, and improved cardiac function (P<0.01 compared with control). In rats, postcon reduced post-ischaemic myocardial iNOS activity and nitrotyrosine formation, reduced myocardial infarct size (all P<0.05 compared with control) and improved cardiac function. Administration of 1400W resembled, whereas 3-morpholinosydnonimine abolished, the effects of postcon. In conclusion, reduction in ONOO--induced nitro-oxidative stress subsequent to the inhibition of iNOS represents a major mechanism whereby postcon confers cardioprotection in vivo.

This article was published in Clin Sci (Lond) and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords