alexa Postmortem analyses of drugs in pericardial fluid and bone marrow aspirate.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Forensic Research

Author(s): Tominaga M, Michiue T, Ishikawa T, Kawamoto O, Oritani S, , Tominaga M, Michiue T, Ishikawa T, Kawamoto O, Oritani S,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In forensic toxicology, bone marrow is often used when adequate blood samples are not available; however, pericardial fluid (PCF) has been poorly investigated. The present study comprehensively reviewed the toxicological data of blood, PCF and bone marrow aspirate (BMA) in forensic autopsy cases to investigate drug distribution. Analysis using automated gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC-MS) following solid/liquid phase extraction detected 36 drugs in 218 cases (8.0\% among 2,724 cases examined). Drug distribution varied by drug as well as partly by case even when taken as a mixture. Most of the drugs showed overall similar distributions in right heart blood, PCF and BMA with some exceptions, however, several drugs, including phenothiazine derivatives and antidepressants, were detected at ∼1.5 times (1.2-2.0) higher levels in BMA than in right heart blood, but PCF levels were mostly equivalent to blood levels. Midazolam, propofol and thiamylal (intravenous anesthetics) were detected at a substantially lower concentration in PCF than in blood or BMA. These observations suggest that PCF and BMA are useful materials to be included in the forensic toxicological routine when blood samples are not available, as well as to investigate pharmaco-/toxicokinetics and postmortem redistribution. This article was published in J Anal Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Forensic Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version