Author(s): Lucchesi PA, Sweadner KJ
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Abstract The cardiac glycoside sensitivity of the rat heart changes during postnatal maturation and in response to certain pathological conditions. The Na,K-ATPase is thought to be the receptor for cardiac glycosides, and there are three isozymes of its catalytic (alpha) subunit with different cardiac glycoside affinities: alpha 1 (low affinity) and alpha 2 and alpha 3 (high affinity). We examined the developmental expression of the alpha subunit isozymes in rat ventricular membrane preparations by immunoblotting with isozyme-specific antibodies. The alpha 1 isozyme was present throughout all stages of maturation. A developmental switch from alpha 3 to alpha 2 occurred between 14 and 21 days after birth. Measurements of [3H]ouabain binding and inhibition of Na,K-ATPase activity indicated that alpha 2 and alpha 3 should make equivalent contributions to ion pump capacity; in both neonatal natal and adult preparations, ouabain interacted with a single class of high-affinity binding sites (KD = 15 or 40 nM, respectively; Bmax = 4-5 pmol/mg protein), and at low concentrations produced a similar degree of Na,K-ATPase inhibition (25\%). The results indicate that the developmental difference in cardiac glycoside sensitivity cannot be explained by quantitative differences in the proportion of high-affinity isozymes of the Na,K-ATPase. The switch from alpha 3 to alpha 2 coincides with other major changes in cardiac electrophysiology and calcium metabolism.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability