Author(s): Biboulet P, Morau D, Aubas P, BringuierBranchereau S, Capdevila X
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: The authors compared the analgesic effects and quality of rehabilitation of three analgesic techniques after total-hip arthroplasty in a double-blind, randomized trial. METHODS: Forty-five patients were assigned to 1 of 3 groups, patient-controlled analgesia with morphine (PCA), femoral nerve block (FNB), or psoas compartment block (PCB). At the end of the procedure performed under general anesthesia, nerve blocks using 2 mg/kg of 0.375\% bupivacaine and 2 microg/kg of clonidine were performed in the FNB (n = 16) and PCB (n = 15) groups. In the recovery room, all 3 groups received initial intravenous morphine titration if their pain score was higher than 30 on a 100-mm visual analog scale (VAS), and then a PCA device was initiated. Morphine consumption was the primary end point to assess postoperative analgesia. RESULTS: After extubation (H0), morphine titration was higher in the PCA group (P <.05). During the first 4 postoperative hours (H0 to H4), morphine consumption per hour and VAS pain score were lower in the PCB group (P <.05). After H4, there was no difference in morphine consumption and VAS among groups, either at rest or during mobilization. After H4, morphine consumption remained lower than 0.5 mg/h, and VAS remained lower than 30 mm in the 3 groups. In 4 patients of the PCB group, an epidural diffusion was noted. Hip mobility and length of stay in the rehabilitation center were not different among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: PCA is an efficient and safe analgesia technique. FNB and PCB should not be used routinely after total-hip arthroplasty.
This article was published in Reg Anesth Pain Med
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research