Author(s): Johnson CD, Mole DR, Pestridge A
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Abstract The concept of an alkaline tide which compensates for gastric acid secretion suggests the possibility of indirect measurement of gastric acid secretion. This study was designed to determine whether postprandial changes in renal and respiratory function could be used to assess gastric secretion in healthy adults. Volunteers ate one of three standard (low, medium or high protein) breakfasts on separate days. A fall in urine acid output was observed during 2 h after the high protein meal, but not after the medium or low protein meal. Fasting subjects showed a similar fall in urine acid output over a 2-hour period. Pretreatment with ranitidine 150 mg b.i.d. had no effect on basal or postprandial urine acid output. We conclude that changes in urine acid output are not related to the gastric secretory response to food. In a separate study, treatment with omeprazole 20 mg daily had no effect on postprandial respiratory function (minute ventilation; mixed expired CO2; minute volume of CO2; respiratory exchange ratio; venous blood pH, pCO2 or bicarbonate; and end tidal CO2). Thus we were unable to detect a respiratory alkaline tide after a standard breakfast. These findings suggest that any respiratory or urinary compensation for gastric acid secretion is too small to be of physiological or clinical significance.
This article was published in Digestion
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences