Author(s): Underwood W rd, Wei J, Rubin MA, Montie JE, Resh J, , Underwood W rd, Wei J, Rubin MA, Montie JE, Resh J,
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Abstract African American men with localized prostate cancer are less likely than White men to receive a radical prostatectomy. This disparity may exist because African American men have prostate cancers that are more biologically aggressive. We investigated if similar stage cancers of African American men and White men show differences in cancer control after radical prostatectomy. Men with localized prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy during a 6-yr period were stratified by race, and time to prostate-specific antigen recurrence was measured. We used Chi-square and t-tests to compare baseline clinical and pathological factors based on race. Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine effects of race on cancer control while controlling for baseline measures of cancer severity. There were 1,228 cases evaluated. At baseline, African American men were treated at a significantly younger age than White men (P = 0.0027) but showed no significant difference in prostate-specific antigen PSA, Gleason score, pathology stage, maximum tumor dimension, and surgical margin status. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis controlling for cancer severity at prostatectomy revealed that cancer-free survival was not worse among African Americans compared to other subjects (P = 0.16). The responsiveness of prostate cancers among African American men to radical prostatectomy was similar to White men of similar stage and grade. Early detection in African American men may facilitate diagnosis of cancer amenable to prostatectomy. Studies are needed to evaluate the possible interaction of prostate cancer stage and grade shift in African American men and the disease free survival in this population.
This article was published in Urol Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Prostate Cancer